Press Release: Colorado Employment Situation – June 2023

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4,700 Nonfarm Payroll Jobs Added in June;
Unemployment Rate Flat at 2.8 Percent


Household survey data

  • According to the survey of households, Colorado’s seasonally adjusted unemployment rate was unchanged from May to June at 2.8 percent. The number of unemployed individuals grew by 1,500 over the same time period to 91,600. Colorado’s unemployment rate has been below 3.0 percent for fourteen consecutive months and remains at pre-pandemic levels. The national unemployment rate decreased one-tenth of a percentage point to 3.6 percent from May to June.
  • Colorado’s labor force increased by 4,500 in June to 3,249,100. The share of Coloradans participating in the labor force remained at 68.7 percent in June, identical to the month prior. The U.S. labor force participation rate was 62.6 percent in June and was unchanged from the month prior.
  • The number of individuals employed in Colorado rose by 3,000 in June to 3,157,500, which represents 66.8 percent of the state’s 16+ population. Colorado’s employment-population ratio of 66.8 in June was unchanged from the month prior. The national employment-population ratio was also flat in June at 60.3 percent.

Establishment survey data

  • Employers in Colorado added 4,700 nonfarm payroll jobs from May to June for a total of 2,909,900 jobs, according to the survey of business establishments. Private sector payroll jobs increased by 3,300, while government added 1,400 jobs.
  • May estimates were revised up to 2,905,200, and the over the month change from April to May was a gain of 8,600 rather than the originally estimated increase of 3,900 (monthly revisions are based on additional responses from businesses and government agencies since the last published estimates).
  • Private industry sectors with significant job gains in June were: leisure and hospitality (≈1,700), manufacturing (≈1,400), and professional and business services (≈1,300). Significant over the month private sector declines occurred in trade, transportation, and utilities (≈1,000).
  • Since June 2022, nonfarm payroll jobs have increased 42,400, with the private sector growing by 22,900 and government adding 19,500 jobs. The largest private sector job gains were in leisure and hospitality (≈25,000), professional and business services (≈9,900), and educational and health services (≈2,900). During that same period financial activities (≈9,200), trade, transportation, and utilities (≈6,500), information (≈3,500), and construction (≈1,500) payroll jobs declined. Colorado’s rate of job growth over the past year is 1.5 percent, lagging the U.S. rate of 2.5 percent.
  • Over the year, the average workweek for all Colorado employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased from 33.2 to 33.3 hours, while average hourly earnings grew from $34.23 to $35.27, one dollar and sixty-nine cents more than the national average hourly earnings of $33.58.


All Colorado estimates from the establishment and household surveys, including greater geographic detail, are available at: Estimates for all states and the nation are available at:

For data visualizations, visit

The July 2023 Colorado Employment Situation will be released at 8:00 AM on Friday, August 18, 2023. The full schedule of release dates for calendar year 2023 estimates is available at


Technical Notes

This release provides information on industry employment and labor force statistics for June 2023, the most current estimates available from the Colorado Department of Labor and Employment. The reference period for the establishment and household surveys was the pay period or week that includes the 12th of the month.

The unemployment rate, labor force, labor force participation, total employment and the number of unemployed are based on a survey of households. The total employment estimate derived from this survey is intended to measure the number of people employed.

Nonfarm payroll jobs estimates are based on a survey of business establishments and government agencies, and are intended to measure the number of jobs, not the number of people employed. Other series based on this survey include private sector average weekly hours, average hourly earnings and average weekly earnings.

The business establishment survey covers about seven times the number of households surveyed and is therefore considered a more reliable indicator of economic conditions. Because the estimates are based on two separate surveys, one measuring jobs by worksite and the other measuring persons employed and unemployed by household, estimates based on these surveys may provide seemingly conflicting results.

Resources Mentioned

Supplemental Information
Labor Force Summary June 2023
City Report June 2023
County Report June 2023
June 2023 Press Release